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Conditional Sentences

Condition Type-3

कंडीशन टाइप-2 वाक्यों में वर्तमान समय में कल्पना थी और हालत टाइप-3 में व्यक्ति कुछ पिछली घटनाओं पर पश्चाताप या विचार करने के लिए कल्पना करता है: "अगर मैंने ऐसा किया होता, तो ऐसा होता या हो सकता था"।

Condition Type-2 sentences were imagination at the present time and in Condition Type-3 sentences, the person imagines to repent or ponder over some past event: "If I had done this, it would have or could have happened".

There are three parts of the Condition Type-3 sentences: (1) State of Being (2) State of Possession (3) Action

(1) State of Being...Contemplation...अगर ऐसा होता तो वैसा हो चुका होता / हो सकता था

Rule: [If + Subject + Had + Been (3rd form of Be) + Object], [Subject + Would/Could have + Verb (3rd form) + Object]

Let's look at the examples:

अगर मैं उस दिन उनके घर पर होता, तो मैं उन्हें नौकरी देने की पेशकश कर चुका होता। If I had been at his home on that day, I would have offered him a job.
यदि मैं 2019 में प्रबंधक होता, तो मैं एक विदेशी असाइनमेंट के लिए आवेदन कर सकता था। If I had been the Manager in 2019, I could have applied for a foreign assignment.
अगर वह मेरी मेहमान होती, तो हमें उसकी फिल्म में काम करने का मौका मिल चुका होता। If she had been my guest, we would have got an opportunity to work in her film.
अगर उस दिन वह उसके साथ होता, तो उसे भी गिरफ्तार कर लिया जाता। If he had been with her that day, he would have been arrested as well.
यदि वह उस दिन बीमार नहीं होती, तो उसे प्रथम पुरस्कार मिलता। If she had not been sick on that day, she would have got the first prize.

(2) State of Possession...Contemplation...अगर मेरे पास ये होता तो मैं वो कर चुका होता या कर सकता था

Rule: [If + Subject + Had + Had (3rd form of Has/Have) + Object], [Subject + Would/Could have + Verb (3rd form) + Object]

Let's look at the examples:

अगर मेरे पास 2010 में पर्याप्त पैसा होता तो मैं अपना पचासवां जन्मदिन किसी फाइव स्टार होटल में मनाता। If I had had enough money in 2010, I would have celebrated my fiftieth birthday in a five-star hotel.
यदि उस दिन मेरे पास अतिरिक्त पैसे होते, तो मैं उस स्कूल को दान कर चुका होता। If I had had spare money on that day, I would have donated to that school.
अगर अव्यन के पास मोबाइल होता तो वह मुझे तुरंत सूचित कर सकता था। If Avyan had had a mobile, he could have informed me immediately.
यदि कविता के पास काव्या का बैग होता, तो काव्या उनके हाथ से छीन चुकी होती। If Kavita had had Kavya's bag, Kavya would have snatched from her hand.

Note: कंडीशन टाइप-2: केवल वर्तमान समय में कल्पना करता है कि अगर मेरे पास पैसा होता, तो मैं इसे दान कर देता, जबकि, कंडीशन टाइप-3 में, कोई व्यक्ति पिछली घटनाओं को ध्यान में रखते हुए सोचता है / पछताता है / कल्पना करता है, कि अगर मेरे पास उस समय पैसा होता तो मैं दान कर चुका होता. इस अंतर के साथ, वाक्य बनाने का नियम बदल जाता है।

Condition Type-2: Just imagines in present time that if I had money, I would donate it, whereas, in Condition Type-3, someone thinks / regrets / imagines keeping in mind the past events, that if I had money at that time, I would have donated. With this difference, the rule for making sentences changes.

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